There have been 15 confirmed cases of Leptospirosis in St Vincent and the Grenadines in the past 47 weeks.
A release from the ministry of health said of the 15 cases, 80 per cent occurred in males. Further, 73.3 per cent of cases occurred in males aged 25-66 years old.
Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease that affects both humans and animals. Humans become infected through direct contact with the urine of infected animals or with a urine-contaminated environment.
Person-to-person transmission is rare. Rodents are implicated most often in human cases. It is therefore important to prevent the harborage of rodents on your premises.
Prevention strategies of human Leptospirosis include:
(i) Trimming overgrown vegetation and overhanging trees
(ii) Proper storage and disposal of garbage
(iii) Feeding pets during the day and properly disposing of all remaining food
(iv) Avoid consuming foods (including fruits, vegetables and ground provisions) suspected to have been bitten by, or contaminated with, the droppings of rodents
(v) Elimination of rodents through the use of baits and traps.
In the early stages of the Leptospirosis disease, symptoms include high fever, severe headache, muscle pain, chills, redness of the eyes, abdominal pain, jaundice, bleeding in the skin and mucous membranes, vomiting, diarrhoea, and rash.
The Ministry of Health, Wellness and the Environment continues to monitor vector activity and provide health education on rodent control.
If additional information on rodent control is required, please contact the Vector Control Unit at telephone number 1784-456-1991. If you require medical attention, please contact your nearest health care facility or physician.